Letting dust reach one’s throat
- On the basis of obligatory precaution, allowing thick dust to reach one’s throat makes ones fast void, whether the dust is of something which is halal to eat, like flour, or of something which is haram to consume like dust or earth.
- Allowing thin dust to reach one’s throat will not invalidate the fast.
- If thick dust is whipped up by the wind and if a person does not take care in spite of taking notice of it, allowing the dust to reach his throat, his fast becomes void on the basis of obligatory precaution.
- As an obligatory precaution, a person who is observing fasts, should not allow the smoke of cigarettes, tobacco, and other similar things to reach his throat.
- If a person does not take care to prevent dust, smoke, etc. from entering his throat, and if he was quiet sure that these things would not reach his throat, his fast is in order; but if he only felt that they might not reach his throat, it is better that he should observe that fast again as qadha.
- If a person forgets that he is fasting and does not exercise care, or if dust or any other similar thing enters his throat involuntarily, his fast does not become void.
Immersing one’s head in water
- If a fasting person intentionally immerses his entire head in the water, his fast is known to be void, even if the rest of his body remains out of water. But this act does not invalidate the fast; it is a Makrooh act, and as a measure of precaution, should be avoided.
- If a person immerses half of his head in the water once, and the other half the second time, his fast is not affected.
- If the entire head is immersed under the water, leaving some hair out, the rule applied will be that mentioned above in 1618.
- There is no harm in immersing one’s head in liquids other than water like, in milk. Similarly, fast is not affected by immersing one’s head in mixed water that is, Mudhaaf.
- If a fasting person falls into the water involuntarily, and his entire head goes into the water, or if he forgets that he is fasting and immerses his head in the water, his fast is not affected.
- If a person throws himself into the water thinking that his entire head will not go down into the water, and water covers his entire head, his fast remains in order.
- If a person forgets that he is fasting and immerses his head in the water, and he remembers under the water that he is fasting, it is better that he takes his head out of water at once, but if he does not do so, his fast will not be void.
- If a person is pushed into water and his head is immersed in water, the fast is not affected at all. But if the fellow who pushed him and forced his head under water releases him, it is better that he raises his head out of water immediately.
- If a fasting person immerses his head under water with the Niyyat of Ghusl, both his fast and Ghusl will be in order.
- If a person dives headlong in the water to save some one from drowning, although it may be obligatory to save that person, as a recommended precaution, he should give qadha for that fast.