Biography/ Occasion

Merits of Tasbih of Lady  Fatimah Zahraa (AS)

241-242

 

Allahu Akbar’ – 34 times,

Alhamdulillah’ – 33 times,

Subhanallah’ – 33 times.

 

The Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) is from the emphatically recommended acts of worship in the Islamic Sharia. It has immense significance in the eyes of the infallible Imams (A.S.) and the Shiite jurists. It is a simple, short yet very powerful act of worship from the aspect of performance; its effect, reward and merit are abundant. This can be gauged from the fact that when the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) wished to impart this act of worship to his daughter Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.), he declared:

O Fatimah! I have granted you something that is superior to a maidservant and to the world and everything in it’1. In this context Imam Muhammad Baqir (A.S.) informs, ‘Allah is not worshipped by anything more meritorious than the Tasbeeh of Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.). Had there been any worship superior to it, most surely the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) would have granted it to Lady Fatimah (A.S.)2.

Imam Jaafar Sadiq (A.S.) says about the dearness of this Tasbeeh in the eyes of the Imams of the Ahlulbayt (A.S.): “Reciting Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) every day after every Salat is liked by me more than reciting one thousand raka’ts of (mustahab) prayer”.3

Reciting this Tasbeeh results in forgiveness of sins. In a tradition, Imam Mohammad Baqir (A.S.) says: “One who recites the Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) and then seeks forgiveness, will be forgiven”4..

It also results in driving Shaitan away and in the satisfaction of Allah as tradition from Imam Mohammad Baqir (A.S.) says:“(Reciting Tasbeeh) drives away Shaitan and makes results in the satisfaction of Allah”5.

Reciting Tasbeeh regularly delivers the reciter from adversities in this world as well as the hereafter. One of the graceful effects of the regular recitation of the Tasbeeh of Lady Zahraa (A.S.) is that it delivers the reciter from adversities and hardships in this world as well as the hereafter. Thus one should not ignore its benefits and effects and should not be careless and lazy in its recitation

In this connection, Imam Jaafar Sadiq (A.S.) says to one of his companions: “You do adhere to it and be regular about its recitation, for surely one who is steadfast upon its recitation will not encounter adversity”.6

How to recite Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.): According to a tradition from Imam Jafar Sadiq, one should recite Allah Akbar 34 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Subhanallah 33 times.7

Reciting Tasbeeh immediately after Salat

Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) should be recited immediately on completion of Prayer. This entails that as soon as the reciter has finished the Prayer, he should remain seated in the same position of Tashahud without moving his feet and doing any other thing, immediately he should commence the recitation of the Tasbeeh. The reciting of Tasbeeh immediately on completion of Prayer has a special excellence, which is not there otherwise.

The above statement can be evidenced by the following tradition of Imam Jaafar Sadiq (A.S.) wherein he states: “One who recites the Tasbeeh of lady Zahraa (A.S.) before even moving his feet, Allah will forgive him”.8

Imam Jaafar Sadiq (A.S.) has said: “One who recites the Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) after a wajib prayer before he stretches out his legs (i.e. he recites the Tasbeeh while he is in the posture of Tashahud), then Jannat becomes wajib upon him”.9

Another tradition from Imam Sadiq (A.S.) says:

One who glorifies Allah after the obligatory prayer through the Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.), and then follows it up by saying ‘Laa elaaha illallaho’, Allah will forgive his sins”.10

Reciting the Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) before sleeping

Imam Jaafar Sadiq (A.S.) says:

One who recites the Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) at the time of going to bed, he will be accounted amongst those who have remembered Allah a lot”.11

In the book ‘Wasaaelush Shia’ there is a tradition from Imam Mohammad Baqir (A.S.) which says that at the time of going to bed, Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) And then Maoozatain (Surat Al Falaq and Surat Al Naas) and Ayatul Kursi should be recited.

Teaching the recitation of Tasbeeh to the children

In this connection, Imam Jaafar Sadiq (A.S.) says: “O Abu Haroon! We order our children to recite the Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) in the same manner as we order them for the performance of Prayer”.12

Reciting Tasbeeh made out of the Turbah of grave of Imam Hussein (A.S.) .It is better that the Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) be made of the pure Turbah (soil) of the grave of Imam Hussein (A.S.).

It has been narrated from Imam Mahdi (A.T.F.S.), “One who just holds the Tasbeeh made out of the soil of the grave of Imam Hussein (as(A.S.) and does not do any Zikr, even then for him will be written the reward of having recited the Azkaar”.13

Imam Jaafar Sadiq (A.S.) says: “One zikr or Isteghfaar recited on the Tasbeeh made out of the soil of the grave of Imam Hussein (A.S.) is equal to 70 such zikr recited on any other thing”.14

Some noteworthy points:

  1. One of the conditions of worship, rather the most important of them all, is being attentive in its performance. This is specially so in the recitation of Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.).
  2. There should be continuity in the recitation of the Tasbeeh without any interruptions. This has been the practice of our holy Imams (A.S.).15
  3. In case one has a doubt regarding the number of Azkaar that he has recited, then he should start again. This is according to a tradition from Imam Sadiq (A.S.).16

Thus, by the grace of Allah and the blessings of Imam Mahdi (A.T.F.S.), we have come to realize the importance of reciting Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) and its merits. We pray to Allah to grant us the Tawfeeq that we may be regular in its recitation.

Thus, by the grace of Allah and the blessings of Imam Mahdi (A.T.F.S.), we have come to realize the importance of reciting Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) and its merits. We pray to Allah to grant us the Tawfeeq that we may be regular in its recitation.

The Benefits of Tasbeeh of Lady Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.)
  • A beautiful gift from Allah [swt] and the Ahlulbayt (A.S.)
  • An expression of understanding the Oneness and Greatness of Allah [swt]
  • An adornment to our salat and nights
  • Better than a 1000 Rakats

The Tasbeeh of Fatimah Zahraa (A.S.) is beneficial and the best form of remembering and attaining the pleasure of Allah [swt]. Remembering Allah [swt] in all circumstances helps remove the veils of negligence and distance the satanic whispers from oneself.

Imam Jaafar al Sadiq (A.S.) said: ‘Whoever remembers Allah much Allah will give him a place in his shadow of mercy in paradise’.

The Secret of Tasbeeh of Fatimah al Zahraa (A.S.)

In a Hadith it is mentioned a man came to Imam Jaafar al Sadiq (A.S.) and asked him: ‘What is the secret behind the Ka’bah having four rukn [corners] and it being Cubic Square [in shape]?’

The Imam (A.S.) replied: ‘It is because the Baitul Ma’mur has four rukn.’

The person then asked, ‘Why does the baitul Ma’mur have four rukn?’

The Imam (A.S.) said: ‘Because the Arsh has four rukn’

The Man further asked: ‘Why does the Arsh have four rukn?’

The Imam (A.S.) replied:” Due to the fact that every Arsh is dependent upon the rukn. The first of these is Allahu Akbar; the second is SubhanAllah; the third is Alhamdulilah and the fourth is La ilaha illalla.

The Tasbeeh as a Powerful Dua’ for all needs.
Reciting this Tasbeeh is a kind of glorification of Allah[swt]

Refrences:

  1. Aasaar o Asraare Tasbeehe Zahra’ (A.S.), Pg. 7.
  2. Wasaaelush Shia, Vol 4, Pg. 1024.
  3. Al-Kafi, Kitabus Salaat.
  4. Wasaaelush Shia Vol 4, Pg. 1023.
  5. Wasaaelush Shia Vol 4, Pg. 1023.
  6. Al-Kafi, Kitabus Salaat, Pg. 343.
  7. Behaarul Anwaar Vol 85, Pg. 334.
  8. At-Tahzeeb of Shaikh Toosi (r.a.), Vol 2, Pg. 105.
  9. Falaahus Saael by Ibn Taaoos (r.a.), Pg. 165.
  10. Al-Kafi, Kitabus Salaat, Pg. 342.
  11. Wasaaelush Shia Vol 4, Pg. 1026.
  12. Al-Kafi, Kitabus Salaat, Pg. 343.
  13. Wasaaelush Shia Vol 4, Pg. 1033.
  14. Wasaaelush Shia Vol 4, Pg. 1033.
  15. Al- Kaafi, Kitaabus Salaat, Pg. 343.
  16. Al- Kaafi, Kitaabus Salaat, Pg. 342.
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